TADB
TA Pair: Xre-HipA
#OrganismToxinAntitoxinLocus IDReplicon
1Acidiphilium cryptum JF-53912 Acry_3372Acry_3371NC_009468
2Acidovorax citrulli AAC00-13313 Aave_4520Aave_4519NC_008752
3Acidovorax sp. JS423418 Ajs_3588Ajs_3589NC_008782
4Acidovorax sp. JS423412 Ajs_2253Ajs_2252NC_008782
5Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 179783592 A1S_1765A1S_1764NC_009085
6Acinetobacter sp. ADP11354 ACIAD1801ACIAD1802NC_005966
7Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 3 str. JL034921 APJL_1757APJL_1756NC_010278
8Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 5b str. L203568 APL_1723APL_1722NC_009053
9Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 5b str. L203567 APL_1680APL_1679NC_009053
10Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 7 str. AP765716 APP7_0472APP7_0473NC_010939
11Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 7 str. AP765722 APP7_1783APP7_1782NC_010939
12Actinobacillus succinogenes 130Z4273 Asuc_1315Asuc_1314NC_009655
13Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A4493695 ASA_P4G110ASA_P4G111NC_009349
14Alkalilimnicola ehrlichii MLHE-12886 Mlg_2310Mlg_2309NC_008340
15Alkalilimnicola ehrlichii MLHE-12884 Mlg_2301Mlg_2300NC_008340
16Arthrobacter aurescens TC13275 AAur_0711AAur_0710NC_008711
17Bacteroides fragilis NCTC 93431763 BF0724BF0726NC_003228
18Bacteroides fragilis NCTC 93431764 BF1074BF1076NC_003228
19Bacteroides fragilis YCH461301 BF0796BF0797NC_006347
20Bacteroides fragilis YCH461302 BF1148BF1147NC_006347
21Bacteroides vulgatus ATCC 84824207 BVU_4168BVU_4169NC_009614
22Bacteroides vulgatus ATCC 84824204 BVU_3758BVU_3759NC_009614
23Bacteroides vulgatus ATCC 84824203 BVU_3694BVU_3695NC_009614
24Bifidobacterium longum DJO10A5646 BLD_1056BLD_1055NC_010816
25Bordetella bronchiseptica RB501336 BB2720BB2721NC_002927
26Bordetella bronchiseptica RB501329 BB0527BB0528NC_002927
27Bordetella parapertussis 128221288 BPP0524BPP0523NC_002928
28Bordetella parapertussis 128221289 BPP0645BPP0646NC_002928
29Bordetella parapertussis 128221295 BPP2765BPP2764NC_002928
30Bordetella pertussis Tohama I1746 BP0060BP0061NC_002929
31Bordetella pertussis Tohama I1751 BP2622BP2623NC_002929
32Bordetella petrii DSM 128044857 Bpet0232Bpet0231NC_010170
33Bordetella petrii DSM 128044864 Bpet2255Bpet2254NC_010170
34Bordetella petrii DSM 128044861 Bpet1352Bpet1353NC_010170
35Bordetella petrii DSM 128044856 Bpet0005Bpet0004NC_010170
36Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA 110841 bll1985bsl1986NC_004463
37Burkholderia cenocepacia AU 10542733 Bcen_1252Bcen_1251NC_008060
38Burkholderia lata2098 Bcep18194_A6228Bcep18194_A6229NC_007510
39Burkholderia mallei NCTC 102293511 BMA10229_2002BMA10229_2003NC_008835
40Burkholderia mallei NCTC 102473589 BMA10247_A0680BMA10247_A0681NC_009079
41Burkholderia phymatum STM8155447 Bphy_1068Bphy_1067NC_010622
42Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN5507 Bphyt_5430Bphyt_5431NC_010676
43Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN5504 Bphyt_4901Bphyt_4902NC_010676
44Burkholderia pseudomallei K962431550 BPSS1584BPSS1583NC_006351
45Burkholderia pseudomallei K962436108 BPSS1584BPSS1583NC_006351
46Burkholderia vietnamiensis G43642 Bcep1808_7416Bcep1808_7415NC_009229
47Burkholderia vietnamiensis G43664 Bcep1808_5884Bcep1808_5885NC_009254
48Burkholderia xenovorans LB4002601 Bxe_A2281Bxe_A2282NC_007951
49Burkholderia xenovorans LB4002602 Bxe_A1930Bxe_A1931NC_007951
50Campylobacter jejuni RM12211511 CJE0568CJE0569NC_003912
51Candidatus Koribacter versatilis Ellin3452661 Acid345_2426Acid345_2427NC_008009
52Candidatus Koribacter versatilis Ellin3452653 Acid345_0156Acid345_0155NC_008009
53Candidatus Koribacter versatilis Ellin3452672 Acid345_4571Acid345_4570NC_008009
54Candidatus Solibacter usitatus Ellin60763068 Acid_2061Acid_2062NC_008536
55Caulobacter crescentus CB15230 CC_2735CC_2736NC_002696
56Caulobacter crescentus CB15231 CC_2770CC_2771NC_002696
57Caulobacter sp. K315068 Caul_5344Caul_5343NC_010333
58Cellvibrio japonicus Ueda1075757 CJA_2546CJA_2545NC_010995
59Cellvibrio japonicus Ueda1075762 CJA_3701CJA_3702NC_010995
60Cellvibrio japonicus Ueda1075765 CJA_3740CJA_3739NC_010995
61Cellvibrio japonicus Ueda1075749 CJA_0201CJA_0200NC_010995
62Cellvibrio japonicus Ueda1075756 CJA_1541CJA_1542NC_010995
63Chlorobaculum parvum NCIB 83275809 Cpar_0147Cpar_0146NC_011027
64Chlorobium chlorochromatii CaD32119 Cag_0101Cag_0102NC_007514
65Chlorobium chlorochromatii CaD32145 Cag_1275Cag_1274NC_007514
66Chlorobium limicola DSM 2455596 Clim_0109Clim_0110NC_010803
67Chlorobium limicola DSM 2455598 Clim_0211Clim_0212NC_010803
68Chlorobium limicola DSM 2455600 Clim_0237Clim_0236NC_010803
69Chlorobium luteolum DSM 2732115 Plut_1916Plut_1915NC_007512
70Chlorobium luteolum DSM 2732107 Plut_1315Plut_1316NC_007512
71Chlorobium phaeobacteroides BS15688 Cphamn1_2167Cphamn1_2168NC_010831
72Chlorobium phaeobacteroides DSM 2663200 Cpha266_2264Cpha266_2265NC_008639
73Chlorobium phaeobacteroides DSM 2663178 Cpha266_0248Cpha266_0249NC_008639
74Chromohalobacter salexigens DSM 30432639 Csal_0226Csal_0225NC_007963
75Citrobacter koseri ATCC BAA-8954493 CKO_01531CKO_01530NC_009792
76Colwellia psychrerythraea 34H1769 CPS_2664CPS_2665NC_003910
77Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032558 NCgl1186NCgl1187NC_003450
78Corynebacterium glutamicum R3694 cgR_1311cgR_1312NC_009342
79Cronobacter sakazakii ATCC BAA-8944480 ESA_pESA3p05543ESA_pESA3p05544NC_009780
80Cupriavidus taiwanensis LMG 194245294 RALTA_A1626RALTA_A1625NC_010528
81Cytophaga hutchinsonii ATCC 334062820 CHU_3781CHU_3780NC_008255
82Delftia acidovorans SPH-14754 Daci_0282Daci_0283NC_010002
83Delftia acidovorans SPH-14761 Daci_2612Daci_2611NC_010002
84Delftia acidovorans SPH-14760 Daci_2578Daci_2577NC_010002
85Desulfococcus oleovorans Hxd34682 Dole_2637Dole_2636NC_009943
86Desulfococcus oleovorans Hxd34666 Dole_0896Dole_0895NC_009943
87Desulfovibrio vulgaris DP43295 Dvul_2958Dvul_2959NC_008741
88Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. Hildenborough1833 DVUA0152DVUA0151NC_005863
89Enterobacter sp. 6383779 Ent638_2033Ent638_2034NC_009436
90Erythrobacter litoralis HTCC25942336 ELI_04220ELI_04225NC_007722
91Escherichia coli 5362804 ECP_1501ECP_1502NC_008253
92Escherichia coli 5362811 ECP_4451ECP_4450NC_008253
93Escherichia coli APEC O13123 APECO1_637APECO1_638NC_008563
94Escherichia coli APEC O13126 APECO1_2188APECO1_2189NC_008563
95Escherichia coli ATCC 87395159 EcolC_2150EcolC_2149NC_010468
96Escherichia coli CFT073681 c5296c5295NC_004431
97Escherichia coli CFT073673 c1940c1941NC_004431
98Escherichia coli HS4504 EcHS_A1590EcHS_A1591NC_009800
99Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. DH10B5168 ECDH10B_1638ECDH10B_1639NC_010473
100Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG16551040 experimental b1507b1508NC_000913
101Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica FTNF002-004431 FTA_1186FTA_1187NC_009749
102Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica LVS2472 FTL_1125FTL_1126NC_007880
103Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica OSU182957 FTH_1099FTH_1100NC_008369
104Francisella tularensis subsp. mediasiatica FSC1475510 FTM_1221FTM_1220NC_010677
105Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis FSC1982799 FTF1076FTF1075NC_008245
106Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis SCHU S41855 FTT_1076FTT_1075NC_006570
107Frankia alni ACN14a2843 FRAAL0138FRAAL0140NC_008278
108Frankia alni ACN14a2846 FRAAL0260FRAAL0259NC_008278
109Frankia sp. CcI32391 Francci3_2735Francci3_2734NC_007777
110Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. nucleatum ATCC 25586794 FN1998FN1997NC_003454
111Geobacter lovleyi SZ5623 Glov_0325Glov_0326NC_010814
112Geobacter lovleyi SZ5638 Glov_2897Glov_2898NC_010814
113Geobacter lovleyi SZ5635 Glov_2517Glov_2518NC_010814
114Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA1534 GSU2399GSU2398NC_002939
115Geobacter uraniireducens Rf43969 Gura_2093Gura_2092NC_009483
116Geobacter uraniireducens Rf43959 Gura_1477Gura_1476NC_009483
117Geobacter uraniireducens Rf43924 Gura_0258Gura_0259NC_009483
118Haemophilus influenzae 86-028NP1913 NTHI0787NTHI0788NC_007146
119Haemophilus influenzae PittEE4194 CGSHiEE_08855CGSHiEE_08850NC_009566
120Haemophilus influenzae Rd KW201068 HI0666HI0666.1NC_000907
121Hahella chejuensis KCTC 23962298 HCH_01139HCH_01138NC_007645
122Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans3603 HEAR1563HEAR1564NC_009138
123Hydrogenobaculum sp. Y04AAS15907 HY04AAS1_1299HY04AAS1_1298NC_011126
124Idiomarina loihiensis L2TR1316 IL2083IL2084NC_006512
125Idiomarina loihiensis L2TR1308 IL0059IL0058NC_006512
126Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae MGH 785784246 KPN_01668KPN_01667NC_009648
127Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae MGH 785784252 KPN_04693KPN_04692NC_009648
128Kocuria rhizophila DC22015446 KRH_19960KRH_19970NC_010617
129Legionella pneumophila str. Corby3999 LPC_1407LPC_1408NC_009494
130Legionella pneumophila str. Lens1507 lpl1904lpl1905NC_006369
131Legionella pneumophila str. Lens1508 lpl2291lpl2290NC_006369
132Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila str. Philadelphia 11677 lpg2369lpg2368NC_002942
133Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila str. Philadelphia 11678 lpg2378lpg2377NC_002942
134Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila str. Philadelphia 11676 lpg1934lpg1935NC_002942
135Maricaulis maris MCS102953 Mmar10_2599Mmar10_2600NC_008347
136Marinomonas sp. MWYL14269 Mmwyl1_4363Mmwyl1_4364NC_009654
137Marinomonas sp. MWYL14270 Mmwyl1_4376Mmwyl1_4377NC_009654
138Mesorhizobium loti MAFF303099222 mll6953msl6954NC_002678
139Methylibium petroleiphilum PM13508 Mpe_A3330Mpe_A3331NC_008825
140Methylibium petroleiphilum PM13507 Mpe_A2712Mpe_A2711NC_008825
141Methylobacterium populi BJ0015568 Mpop_3717Mpop_3718NC_010725
142Mycobacterium vanbaalenii PYR-13280 Mvan_1137Mvan_1136NC_008726
143Nitrobacter winogradskyi Nb-2552003 Nwi_2079Nwi_2078NC_007406
144Nitrobacter winogradskyi Nb-2552006 Nwi_2868Nwi_2869NC_007406
145Nitrosococcus oceani ATCC 197072058 Noc_2931Noc_2930NC_007484
146Nitrosomonas europaea ATCC 19718915 NE1310NE1311NC_004757
147Nocardia farcinica IFM 101521093 nfa53240nfa53250NC_006361
148Nocardioides sp. JS6143239 Noca_2365Noca_2364NC_008699
149Parabacteroides distasonis ATCC 85034211 BDI_2156BDI_2157NC_009615
150Parabacteroides distasonis ATCC 85034208 BDI_0306BDI_0307NC_009615
151Paracoccus denitrificans PD12223211 Pden_1548Pden_1547NC_008686
152Parvibaculum lavamentivorans DS-14407 Plav_2160Plav_2161NC_009719
153Pectobacterium atrosepticum SCRI10431098 ECA0127ECA0126NC_004547
154Pectobacterium atrosepticum SCRI10431115 ECA4153ECA4154NC_004547
155Pelobacter carbinolicus DSM 23802070 Pcar_0502Pcar_0503NC_007498
156Pelodictyon phaeoclathratiforme BU-15834 Ppha_0261Ppha_0262NC_011060
157Pelodictyon phaeoclathratiforme BU-15836 Ppha_0266Ppha_0267NC_011060
158Pelodictyon phaeoclathratiforme BU-15856 Ppha_1557Ppha_1558NC_011060
159Pelodictyon phaeoclathratiforme BU-15874 Ppha_2046Ppha_2047NC_011060
160Pelodictyon phaeoclathratiforme BU-15881 Ppha_2229Ppha_2228NC_011060
161Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. laumondii TTO11211 plu2126plu2127NC_005126
162Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. laumondii TTO11197 plu0896plu0895NC_005126
163Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. laumondii TTO11226 plu2423plu2422NC_005126
164Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. laumondii TTO11251 plu4900plu4901NC_005126
165Polaromonas naphthalenivorans CJ23391 Pnap_0521Pnap_0520NC_008781
166Polaromonas naphthalenivorans CJ23316 Pnap_4338Pnap_4339NC_008757
167Polaromonas sp. JS6662574 Bpro_0337Bpro_0338NC_007948
168Polaromonas sp. JS6662594 Bpro_5419Bpro_5420NC_007950
169Polaromonas sp. JS6662585 Bpro_2649Bpro_2650NC_007948
170Polaromonas sp. JS6662582 Bpro_1566Bpro_1565NC_007948
171Polaromonas sp. JS6662577 Bpro_0617Bpro_0616NC_007948
172Polynucleobacter necessarius subsp. asymbioticus QLW-P1DMWA-13731 Pnuc_0864Pnuc_0865NC_009379
173Porphyromonas gingivalis W831757 PG0858PG0857NC_002950
174Porphyromonas gingivalis W831758 PG0859PG0860NC_002950
175Prosthecochloris aestuarii DSM 2715823 Paes_1467Paes_1468NC_011059
176Proteus mirabilis HI43205358 PMI0054PMI0055NC_010554
177Proteus mirabilis HI43205365 PMI3125PMI3126NC_010554
178Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC1252024 PSHAa0453PSHAa0452NC_007481
179Pseudomonas entomophila L482705 PSEEN1330PSEEN1331NC_008027
180Pseudomonas entomophila L482704 PSEEN1328PSEEN1327NC_008027
181Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf0-12062 Pfl01_0205Pfl01_0204NC_007492
182Pseudomonas mendocina ymp3816 Pmen_4032Pmen_4031NC_009439
183Pseudomonas protegens Pf-51786 PFL_6156PFL_6155NC_004129
184Pseudomonas stutzeri A15013770 PST_0625PST_0624NC_009434
185Pseudomonas stutzeri A15013774 PST_3823PST_3824NC_009434
186Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola 1448A1831 PSPPH_4693PSPPH_4692NC_005773
187Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B728a1872 Psyr_2924Psyr_2925NC_007005
188Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC30001054 PSPTO_0522PSPTO_0521NC_004578
189Psychrobacter arcticus 273-41934 Psyc_1137Psyc_1136NC_007204
190Psychromonas ingrahamii 373273 Ping_0883Ping_0884NC_008709
191Ralstonia eutropha JMP1341968 Reut_C6144Reut_C6143NC_007336
192Ralstonia eutropha JMP1341972 Reut_B3947Reut_B3946NC_007348
193Ralstonia solanacearum GMI1000505 RSc1446RSc1447NC_003295
194Rhizobium etli CFN 421771 RHE_PD00080RHE_PD00081NC_004041
195Rhodopseudomonas palustris BisA533003 RPE_4476RPE_4477NC_008435
196Rhodopseudomonas palustris BisB182534 RPC_4145RPC_4144NC_007925
197Rhodopseudomonas palustris HaA22403 RPB_0687RPB_0688NC_007778
198Rhodospirillum rubrum ATCC 111702258 Rru_A2443Rru_A2442NC_007643
199Rhodospirillum rubrum ATCC 111702254 Rru_A1974Rru_A1975NC_007643
200Rhodospirillum rubrum ATCC 111702247 Rru_A1246Rru_A1247NC_007643
201Saccharophagus degradans 2-402491 Sde_2039Sde_2040NC_007912
202Saccharophagus degradans 2-402488 Sde_0092Sde_0093NC_007912
203Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Agona str. SL4835970 SeAg_B4814SeAg_B4813NC_011149
204Serratia proteamaculans 5684522 Spro_0568Spro_0567NC_009832
205Serratia proteamaculans 5684535 Spro_4311Spro_4310NC_009832
206Serratia proteamaculans 5684532 Spro_3691Spro_3692NC_009832
207Shewanella baltica OS1854316 Shew185_0366Shew185_0365NC_009665
208Shewanella baltica OS1854320 Shew185_1871Shew185_1872NC_009665
209Shewanella baltica OS1854321 Shew185_1983Shew185_1982NC_009665
210Shewanella baltica OS1854322 Shew185_3248Shew185_3247NC_009665
211Shewanella baltica OS1854323 Shew185_3351Shew185_3350NC_009665
212Shewanella baltica OS1854317 Shew185_0650Shew185_0649NC_009665
213Shewanella baltica OS1954741 Sbal195_0379Sbal195_0378NC_009997
214Shewanella baltica OS1954746 Sbal195_3381Sbal195_3380NC_009997
215Shewanella baltica OS1954742 Sbal195_0678Sbal195_0677NC_009997
216Shewanella baltica OS1954747 Sbal195_3479Sbal195_3478NC_009997
217Shewanella denitrificans OS2172606 Sden_0307Sden_0306NC_007954
218Shewanella halifaxensis HAW-EB45073 Shal_0419Shal_0420NC_010334
219Shewanella loihica PV-43599 Shew_0479Shew_0478NC_009092
220Shewanella oneidensis MR-1661 SO_3170SO_3169NC_004347
221Shewanella oneidensis MR-1658 SO_0706SO_0705NC_004347
222Shewanella pealeana ATCC 7003454600 Spea_3846Spea_3847NC_009901
223Shewanella putrefaciens CN-323809 Sputcn32_2916Sputcn32_2915NC_009438
224Shewanella sediminis HAW-EB34517 Ssed_0375Ssed_0376NC_009831
225Shewanella sp. MR-42877 Shewmr4_3395Shewmr4_3396NC_008321
226Shewanella sp. MR-72879 Shewmr7_0558Shewmr7_0557NC_008322
227Shewanella sp. W3-18-13297 Sputw3181_0309Sputw3181_0310NC_008750
228Shewanella woodyi ATCC 519085227 Swoo_4573Swoo_4574NC_010506
229Shewanella woodyi ATCC 519085222 Swoo_0495Swoo_0494NC_010506
230Shewanella woodyi ATCC 519085226 Swoo_4571Swoo_4570NC_010506
231Shewanella woodyi ATCC 519085223 Swoo_0497Swoo_0496NC_010506
232Sinorhizobium medicae WSM4194222 Smed_4463Smed_4462NC_009620
233Sphingomonas wittichii RW14011 Swit_5216Swit_5217NC_009507
234Stenotrophomonas maltophilia K279a5726 Smlt0134Smlt0135NC_010943
235Stenotrophomonas maltophilia R551-35893 Smal_0139Smal_0140NC_011071
236Stenotrophomonas maltophilia R551-35892 Smal_0093Smal_0094NC_011071
237Sulfurovum sp. NBC37-14305 SUN_1606SUN_1605NC_009663
238Syntrophus aciditrophicus SB2341 SYN_02732SYN_02733NC_007759
239Treponema denticola ATCC 354051690 TDE0495TDE0496NC_002967
240Verminephrobacter eiseniae EF01-23462 Veis_4942Veis_4943NC_008786
241Verminephrobacter eiseniae EF01-23443 Veis_3103Veis_3102NC_008786
242Vibrio cholerae O3953896 VC0395_A0340VC0395_A0339NC_009457
243Vibrio fischeri ES1141862 VF_1470VF_1469NC_006840
244Vibrio fischeri MJ115973 VFMJ11_2144VFMJ11_2145NC_011184
245Vibrio fischeri MJ115972 VFMJ11_1565VFMJ11_1564NC_011184
246Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633702 VP0402VP0403NC_004603
247Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6685 VV1_0401VV1_0402NC_004459
248Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6686 VV1_2047VV1_2046NC_004459
249Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6687 VV1_2190VV1_2191NC_004459
250Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri str. 306732 XAC0187XAC0188NC_003919
251Xanthomonas oryzae KACC103311626 XOO4507XOO4506NC_006834
252Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae MAFF 3110182332 XOO_4246XOO_4245NC_007705
253Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae PXO99A5521 PXO_03586PXO_03585NC_010717
254Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. enterocolitica 80813486 YE3843YE3842NC_008800
255Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. enterocolitica 80813478 YE1175YE1175ANC_008800
256Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. enterocolitica 80813487 YE4128YE4129NC_008800

experimental Data derived from experimental literature


Antitoxin domain: Xre. Helix-turn-helix XRE-family like proteins. Prokaryotic DNA binding proteins belonging to the xenobiotic response element family of transcriptional regulators.

Toxin domain: HipA. Toxin module HipA, protein kinase of phosphatidylinositol 3/4-kinase superfamily [General function prediction only]


Structure
Refined 1.8 A crystal structure of the lambda repressor-operator complex. [PDB ID: 1LMB] [PudMed:1387915]
(1) Rotem E et al. (2010) Regulation of phenotypic variability by a threshold-based mechanism underlies bacterial persistence Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 107(28):12541-6. [PudMed:20616060] experimental
(2) Hansen S; Vulic M; Min J; Yen TJ; Schumacher MA; Brennan RG; Lewis K (2012) Regulation of the Escherichia coli HipBA toxin-antitoxin system by proteolysis PLoS One 7(6):e39185. [PudMed:22720069] experimental
(3) Norton JP; Mulvey MA (2012) Toxin-antitoxin systems are important for niche-specific colonization and stress resistance of uropathogenic Escherichia coli PLoS Pathog 8(10):e1002954. [PudMed:23055930] experimental
(4) Makarova KS et al. (2009) Comprehensive comparative-genomic analysis of type 2 toxin-antitoxin systems and related mobile stress response systems in prokaryotes. Biol Direct 4:19. [PudMed:19493340] in_silico